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Thomas Jefferson (yes, that one) invented American mac 'n cheese


Americans owe a lot to Thomas Jefferson. He was one of the original Founding Fathers of the United States. He drafted the Declaration of Independence, and he was the third president of the United States. However, depending on how much you love food, you may believe his greatest contribution to America to be macaroni and cheese.

It is believed that Jefferson brought back this classic recipe when he returned from a sojourn in Italy. Or it's possible he just brought back a pasta maker with him. His daughter, Mary Randolph, is often the one credited with the recipe.

She originally used macaroni and Parmesan cheese. Later, the cheese was changed to cheddar. Either way, Kraft owes the Jefferson family as do a lot of hungry college kids.

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11 Reasons Why Octopuses Are The Coolest Animals Ever

A mimic Octopus can change into more than 15 different shapes!


This little guy is always ready for a costume party. The mimic octopus lives in the tropical sea of Southeast Asia and was not discovered officially until 1988- probably because it was too busy looking like a string ray, or a flounder, or a jellyfish, or any of the other 15 creatures it can shape-shift into.

The most other octopuses can is blend into the sea floor to appear as rocks The mimic octopus grows up to 2 feet in length and its normal coloring consists of brown and white stripes or spots. Based on observations, the mimic octopus may decide which animal to transform into based on local predators.

For example, when the octopus saw a damselfish in the distance, it was observed to appear as a banded sea snake; a damselfish’s predator. It did this by turning black and yellow, burying six of its arms, and waving its other two arms in opposite directions. If you dress up as this guy during Halloween, you could probably go to the same house 15 times.

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The movie 'Poltergeist' used real skeletons because they were cheaper than buying props!


Poltergeist was released in 1982 and was the most successful of the Poltergeist film trilogy. Steven Spielberg co-wrote and produced the first American horror film in the trilogy. The plot is of a Californian suburban family whose youngest daughter was abducted by malevolent ghosts who had invaded their home.

The film itself is considered cursed, because some of the people associated with the film have died very prematurely. The production used real human skeletons when filming the swimming pool scene. Many of the people on the set were alarmed by this and led others to believe the "curse" on the film series was because of using real skeletons.

Craig Reardon, a special effects artist who worked on the film, said at the time that it was cheaper to purchase real skeletons than plastic ones, as the plastic ones involved labor in making them. Williams was not afraid of the prop skeletons, but she was nervous working in water around so many electrically powered lights. Producer Spielberg comforted her by being in the water during her scenes, claiming that if a light fell into the pool, they would both be killed.

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Lewis and Clark used an air-powered rifle on their expeditions!


Did you know that Lewis and Clark were packing heat during their expeditions? It’s true! They carried a Girandoni air rifle, a gun that was invented in 1779 and used by the Austrian army for 35 years. The weapon was a good choice for a few reasons; high fire rate and no smoke from the propellants were two examples.

The gun wasn’t easy to operate though, which it why it was eventually removed from service. Why? It took nearly 1500 strokes to fill the detachable air reservoir…not exactly a benefit if you need to shoot it quickly. In addition, the weapon was very delicate and even a small break could make it inoperable.

So, what were Lewis and Clark doing with the gun (besides protecting themselves and their guide Sacagawea)? History shows that they were using it during demonstrations for the various Native American tribes they met! Yup, they were trying to impress them by showing how the rifle was powerful enough to take down a deer.

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Al Capone pioneered the concept of 'sell by' dates


Al Capone is one of the most famous organized crime gangsters of all time. He evaded authorities for years before he was finally caught on charges of tax evasion.

He made a fortune in illegal alcohol distribution during Prohibition, but it turns out he wasn't all bad. We even have him to thank for something we use in our grocery stores every day.

Capone opened up soup kitchens to help those struggling during the Depression and would even go to these kitchens to serve the poor himself. Apparently, some of his family members got sick off of spoiled milk. At the time, milk had no expiration date printed on it.

Capone saw an opportunity to improve the sale and distribution of milk and moved into the industry. He then had the Chicago City Council pass a law saying that milk had to be stamped with an expiration date to protect customers. So thanks for that one Al Capone!

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