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Elephants are all evolving smaller tusks to protect selves from ivory poachers!

Poachers are endangering the existence of elephants. They murder them and mutilate their faces to obtain the ivory tusks and leave the elephant corpse to rot in the plains of Africa. Elephant evolution is fighting back, though.

The average tusk size of African elephants has halved since the mid-19th century. A similar effect has been spotted in the Asian elephant population in India.

Researchers say it is an example of Darwinism in action, caused by the mass slaughter of dominant male elephants (which tend to have bigger tusks). However, while evolution normally takes place over thousands or millions of years, these changes have occurred within 150 years.

The poaching and hunting of the largest male elephants, which also have the largest tusks, has changed the natural breeding behavior of these animals.

Their research has shown that the hunting of these large males for their ivory allows smaller males with shorter tusks to produce more calves. Over time the average tusk size decreases.


Medieval spiral staircases usually go clockwise because it put attackers at a disadvantage!

Spiral stairs in medieval times were generally made of stone and wound in a clockwise to place attacking swordsmen who were most often right-handed at a disadvantage.

The asymmetry forces the right-handed swordsman to engage the central pike and degrade his mobility compared with the defender who is facing down the stairs.

Extant 14th to 17th century examples of these stairways can be seen at Muchalls Castle, Crathes Castle and Myres Castle in Scotland. Exceptions to the rule exist, as seen in Scala of the Palazzo Contarini del Bovolo, which winds up counter-clockwise.


Paintballs were originally used to mark cows for slaughtering and trees for cutting down!

The evolution of the paintball began in the late 1970’s, when the Nelson Paint Company developed a gas operated gun and marking pellets for a variety of industries, including Forestry and Ranching.

The guns and the pellets were used variously to mark trees for removal, cows to be slaughtered, and really anything else that required putting a semi-permanent mark on something from a distance.

The game of paintball was created by two friends, Charles Gaines and Bill Gurnsey. The two concluded that they needed something like a marking gun and a set of rules that would allow people to test their individual skills against each other.

After a year of searching, Gaines and Gurnsey chose the Nelson Paint company’s guns and pellets, developed a set of rules for “survival games”.

So, in 1981, Charles and Bill, along with 12 friends played the first ever paintball game using these industrial paintball guns on a field measuring over one hundred acres without any masks or safety equipment.


Genghis Khan murdered so many people that Iran’s population didn’t recover from it until the 20th century!

Genghis Khan was the ruthless ruler of the Mongol empire. During the aggressive expansion of his empire, he murdered millions of people.

In the case of ancient Iran, Persia, it’s estimated that his men killed somewhere between 10 to 15 million people, or about 75% of the population.

To put it in context, the carnage was so large that this population didn’t recover back to its pre-Mongolian levels until the 1950s. For those of you who are history buffs, it means that it took around 700 years, from around 1219 to 1950s!


The founding fathers of the US got wasted two days before signing the consititution!

The founding fathers sure loved to drink. While in France, Jefferson spent a great deal of time in the vineyards of Burgundy. John Adams is said to have drank hard cider for breakfast every day to the day he died.

In 1787, two days before they signed off on the Constitution, the 55 delegates to the Constitutional Convention partied at a tavern. According to the bill preserved from the evening, they drank 54 bottles of Madeira, 60 bottles of claret, eight of whiskey, 22 of porter, eight of hard cider, 12 of beer and seven bowls of alcoholic punch.

They would put American frat boys to shame. Getting drunk and not losing control was socially acceptable in those times, something that would slowly become less acceptable until the US had alcohol prohibition in the early 20th century.

There are many arguments over what the founding fathers would have thought about things we do in this country, but it seems like prohibition is one thing that they for sure wouldn’t have supported.



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