Gummy bears originated in Germany. Haribo, the company that created them, was started in 1920. In 1922, he invented the Dancing Bear, a fruit-flavored gum made in the shape of a bear.
The dancing bear would eventually become the Gold-Bears that you now know and love as gummy bears. In the US, the Haribo gummy bears come in 5 flavors. What's interesting is that the green one is actually strawberry flavored!
If you're really into gummy bears, check out the source for more info on them.