It's not that your eyes aren't working. Your mind is actually blocking images all the time, and refusing to process them. Whenever your eyes move, your brain doesn't process what would normally be very dizzying blurry images coming from the retina. To fill in the gaps of time, your brain creates an illusion for a fraction of a second to keep us from noticing. This is called "Saccadic masking" and it keeps us from experiencing motion blur.
Your brain replaces the blurry images with static images of your next object of focus. Whatever you look at after moving your eyes appears to stay still for a long period of time, because it is actually the same image stretched for a longer period of time to cover up the blur. This is called the "stopped-clock illusion", when the first second on a clock after you turn to look at it appears to take longer than all the other seconds.
Bacteria are becoming resistant to antibiotics, but for the past 90 years Russia has been using a therapy that overcomes that problem and has no negative side-effects!
Disease causing bacteria that have become resistant to antibiotic treatment is becoming an increasing public health concern.
Wound infections, gonorrhea, tuberculosis, pneumonia, septicemia and childhood ear infections are just a few of the diseases that have become hard to treat with antibiotics due to increasing use and misuse of these treatments.
Russia has been using an alternative to antibiotics for the past 90 years. They use bacteriophages.
A phage is a virus that attacks the bacteria with no negative side effects on the host organism (human) and beneficial bacteria like gut flora.
This reduces the chances of opportunistic infections that often occur during treatment with antibiotics.
Russia is currently using phages to treat infections that do not respond to antibiotics. Antibiotics can not penetrate bacteria that consist of cells sticking together, but phages are successful against these strains.
No therapies using phages are authorized for use on humans in any country besides Russia and Georgia—except for phages used to kill the bacteria that cause food poisoning.
In a recent study, 25% of bacterial pneumonia cases were shown to be resistant to penicillin, and an additional 25% of cases were resistant to more than one antibiotic. Although bacteria can become resistant to a certain phage, it can still be destroyed by another type.
There's a common food ingredient used to thicken sauces and soups that can get your heart racing faster than a pure sugar high.
Corn starch is a popular food ingredient that is commonly used to thicken sauces and soups. It can also be used to manufacture bioplastics.
Corn starch is also used on medical products such as condoms and medical gloves.
This ingredient is also vitally important to sufferers of glycogen storage disease. It allows glucose fluctuations to be minimized.
In health terms, a spoonful of corn starch is chemically equivalent to a spoonful of glucose. Within minutes of swallowing the corn starch, it is being converted into pure glucose in your digestive tract.
The concerning fact is that food producers reduce the cost of production by adding large amount of corn starch. What is especially scary about this fact is that this ingredient can often contribute to obesity, diabetes and cardiovascular disease.
It is often claimed that this product contains all-natural ingredients, but the process may actually involve artificial and synthetic agents. This may also include corn syrup which has been derived from GMO crops, which can lead to further health risks
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It’s a phenomenon called sonoluminescence. Sonoluminescence is a physical occurrence by which sound turns into light. Scientists have been trying for 70 years to explain it, but have had no success. No one has managed to explain how a bubble of air in water can focus sound to cause light, but it happens.
Some minor revelations have surfaced, however. At first, physicists thought friction was to blame, but in the late 1980s, they discovered that a sound wave’s path expanded bubbles and heated the gas inside them to temperatures hotter than the sun’s surface. That collapse with the heat, they thought, created a glowing plasma. Thirty years later, that is still the going theory.
However, researchers have suggested that different physical mechanisms must be at work and that there must be multiple kinds of sonoluminescence. What’s been concretely determined so far, though, is that it has to do with the size of the bubble as well as the OH emission from the bubble when it bursts.
If the science goes much further, it could be possible that some day sound and gas could be used to light underwater areas, exceeding the limitations of conventional lights.
Bipolar Disorder may have been the result of evolution and may have been conducive to surviving harsh climatic conditions
Bipolar Disorder is a mental illness and its sufferers experience periods of elevated moods (known as mania or hypomania) and periods of depression.
Suicide risk is high at greater than 6% over 20 years, while self-harm occurs in 30–40% of those suffering from BD.
There are some scientists who now believe that Bipolar Disorder may have some evolutionary benefits and may actually be a result of evolution.
They argue that, if under severe stress or threat the depressive mood may serve as a defense strategy.
The depressed mood will force an individual to retreat from the stressor. He/she will also be inclined to sleep more which will preserve resources and energy for better times.
Mania, on the other hand, stimulates creativity, confidence, and high energy.
Evolutionary biologists have hypothesized that bipolar disorder could have come from an adaptation to extreme climactic conditions in the northern temperate zone.
Depression would have helped with survival during long winters because the increase of sleep, (similar to a mini-hibernation) lethargy, lack of interest in social activities and overeating would all have been conducive to winter survival.
The summers were short, so the hypomania would have increased energy levels, allowing for the completion of the many tasks necessary in a short period of time available, in preparation for winter.