Our solar system is filled with a variety of different planets; from our closest neighbourMars, who appears to be mostly rock and dust, to the massive gas giant Jupiter. The furthest planet from earth is now Neptune after Pluto was demoted from planet status.
That being said, one of the most fascinating planets to orbit the sun in Saturn. At 95 times the mass of the earth, Saturn is not the largest planet, but it does boast being the least dense planet in the solar system. It is distinguished by its “rings” that are formed around the equator of the planet. These rings orbit the planet and are primarily made up of rock and ice particles.
Saturn also has 62 named satellites that orbit around it. Its largest satellite, Titan, is the second largest moon in the solar system, larger even that Neptune. It is the only satellite to have some sort of atmosphere.
In 1981, a strange hexagon shape was photographed at the north pole of Saturn by the passing Voyager space probe. The shape tantalised astronomers until it could be investigated in more detail by the Cassini probe in 2006.
The shape is believed to be a massive cloud formation with the shape being the result of huge disparate wind speeds in the cloud structure. The sides of the hexagon are longer than the diameter of the earth making this formation a truly massive cloud bank.
Saturn's north pole would appear to be the only place where the wind speeds and material viscosity are at the exact levels required to produce this kind of shape.
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