History Facts

A Polish octor Saved a Village From Nazis by Creating a Fake Epidemic


It often takes the worst of times to find the best of us.

This was true during the holocaust when countless people risked their lives for others, whether it was hiding Jewish families in their homes or helping them in any number of other ways.

One doctor managed to save at least 8,000 people from almost certain death.

To do this, he created a fake epidemic in a town which caused the Nazis to quarantine the area.

The Doctors name is Eugene Lazowski, and he created this false epidemic by injecting dead Epidemic Typhus bacteria, basically vaccines, into people. When their blood was tested, it came back positive for the deadly disease.

Lazowski did all of this himself and had to send the blood out to the Germans who would test it. It comes as no surprise, then, that the Nazi’s sent a few men to confirm what was going on.

When this happened, Lazowski didn’t panic. He greeted them with a warm meal and drinks.

The superior officer was enjoying the drinks so much that he just sent the younger two to test the patients. Scared for their lives, they took the blood as quickly as possible and left without doing any real investigating. The blood, of course, came back positive for the disease.

Lazowski had also faced death many other times during the war. When working with the Red Cross, his train was attacked, but he was luckily not on it at the time.

He also escaped a prisoner-of-war camp by himself by jumping the fence and then pretending to tend to an unattended horse. The soldier that was investigating the noise of the fence didn’t give him a second look.

Talk about guts. This man is a true hero.

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Find out how Mao Zedong's campaign to kill grain-eating sparrows in 1958 contributed to the death by starvation of 30 million people


In 1958 the Chinese leader, Mao Zedong, declared war. He decided there were four things he had had enough of: Mosquitoes, flies, rats and sparrows.

He was informed by his scientists that one sparrow eats about 4.5kg of grain each year. They said that according to those calculations, for every million sparrows killed there would be grain (and therefore food) for 60,000 people.

With only that information and a stubborn unwillingness to listen to anything else, he launched the Great Sparrow Campaign in which all citizens were expected to participate and kill as many sparrows as possible.

On 13 December 1958 alone, 194,432 sparrows were killed! Hundreds of millions were killed during the duration of the campaign and the sparrow almost became extinct in China.

What the scientists failed to mention, was that sparrows eat insects like locusts, and that locusts do much more harm than sparrows can. With no sparrows in sight, the locusts did indeed move in and had free reign.

Suddenly Mao Zedong realized what an eco-system was and hurriedly imported sparrows from the Soviet Union, but it was too late. The overflow of insects contributed to the Great Chinese Famine (1958-1961) in which approximately 30 million people starved to death!

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Cats were used as live shields by the Persians


During the battle of Pelusium in 522 BC, Cambyses II, the King of Persia, used cats as leverage against Egyptians. He knew that Egypt revered cats, so during various ocassions, him and his soldiers would use cats as shields knowing that the Egyptians would be too scared to strike them in fear of hurting the cats.

Other tactics included simply letting the cats loose in the battlefield, and creating chaos in the egyptian armies. It was against Egyptian law to hurt or kill attack, so in many occasions, for fear of accidentally hurting a feline, the Egyptians would surrender the city.
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President Johnson was sworn in by the first woman to do so, and remains the only time done on an aircraft.


A keystone moment in woman’s history came after a nation-shocking tragic event.

Judge Sarah T. Hughes was the first woman to administer the presidential oath of office for President Lydon B. Johnson after the assassination of President John F. Kennedy.

She got the opportunity due to the extreme impromptu nature of the ceremony.Hughs was chosen by Johnson himself because of their long standing friendship.

They managed to cram 27 people into the tight quarters of the presidential plane, Air Force One. Auxiliary power was disconnected from the plane, resulting in a non-functioning air conditioner.

The plane was instructed to take off as soon as possible, so the inauguration took place while the plane's four engines powered up. It is still the only time an inauguration took place on an aircraft.

Johnson was sworn in using a missal found by the side table in Kennedy's Air Force One bedroom since a bible was nowhere to be found. It was almost that exact moment that the nation learned of Kennedy's death via Walter Cronkite's broadcast.

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There used to be $10,000 bills! Find out why you won't find those anymore.


In today's economy, with inflation running rampant year after year, it's not uncommon for people to have to carry wads of $100 bills just to cover expenses week to week. Things cost a ton of money nowadays.

Still, the U.S. won't make anything higher than a $100 bill available, causing some heavy wallets and oversized wads. Turns out that is exactly what the government wants.

There were higher denominations that were last printed on December 27, 1945 but weren't officially discontinued on July until, 1969.

They included $500, $1,000, $5,000 and $10,000 as early as 1961. In 1969 the larger bills started being taken out of circulation by President Nixon. As of 2009, only 336 $10,000 bills, 342 $5,000 bills and 165,372 $1,000 bills were known to exist.

Nixon decided to take large denominations out of circulation since electronic transactions were used for legal, large-scale transfers. Large bills were being used to make illegal transactions such as drug trading across the border and counterfeiting.

Without large bills, transferring major sums of money would be more risky and a huge pain in the butt for the cartels.

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