Page 8 - History Facts

Churchill ordered 'Operation Unthinkable' at the end of WWII which was a surprise attack against the USSR. The plan was abandoned because Soviet troops outnumbered theirs 4-to-1.

The cold war was a period of over 30 years of tension between the Western and Eastern blocks, which was essentially NATO against the USSR and its allies.

The Cold War almost never happened, though.

Winston Churchill ordered “Operation Unthinkable” at the end of the Second World War. This operation was initially going to be a surprise attack against the Soviet Union immediately following the end of WWII.

The goal of this operation was to "impose the will of the Western Allies" on the Soviets and force Joseph Stalin to honor the agreements in regards to the future of Central Europe.

If this had happened, there was a good chance of an all-out war with the USSR.

The Soviet numerical superiority was roughly 4:1 in men and 2:1 in tanks at the end of hostilities in Europe.

They were supposed to attack the Japanese, but since they hadn’t yet, many allied countries were worried that Stalin was a threat to Western Europe.

The odds were deemed too steep to risk the attack, so the operation was abandoned. The only advantage the West would have would be the element of surprise, and if that didn’t work, another big war would be inevitable.

The soviets would also be able to ally with Japan since they had not attacked them.

The code-name for the operation was then reused for a contingency plan set in place to guard against a Russian advance on Europe. This became the first of the Cold War-era contingency plans for war with the Soviet Union.

Both plans were highly secret at the time of their creation and it was not until 1998 that they were made public.


The genome of modern humans contains the DNA from four different hominid ancestors: homo sapiens, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and a fourth species that has yet to be discovered.

What would it be like to live in a world like Middle Earth (Lord of the Rings), with all of those different groups of human-like people living side-by-side?

Well, fire up your time machine and set it for a few hundred thousand years in the past and you might find out.

Most of us know about our Neanderthal brothers. They lived between about 30,000 and 130,000 years ago, and were probably just as adept at tool-making as modern humans.

Where we differed the most was in the social aspects of life.

Denisovans are a lot less known, and scientists don't even know that much about them.

They likely split from Neanderthals around 300,000 years ago. Little is known about how Denisovans lived and what they looked like.

Until recently, those are the only groups that we knew about. Now, scientists think these is a fourth group that lived among us, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

It's been known that modern humans interbred with Neanderthals and Denisovans. Scientists were trying to create a much more detailed sequence of Neanderthal and Denisovan genomes when they came across genetic traces of a yet-unknown population of human ancestors.

It seems as though all four groups lived during the same time and would all interbreed.

It's still unknown why modern humans were the only group to survive to the present.


"Under God" Was Only Added To The Pledge of Allegiance To Separate From Atheist Rivals, The Communists!

The change to America’s Pledge Of Allegiance conveniently made way on Flag Day in 1954.

This was done during the Cold War as a way for other countries to differentiate communists from Americans.

This change was also one of the more controversial aspects of the creation of the Pledge of Allegiance.

Illinois politician Lois A. Bowman was the first to initiate the addition of “under God” and claimed the addition came from Lincoln’s Gettysburg Address speech. While some versions of the speech do not include this phrase, reporter transcripts do - which was more than enough proof for Bowman.

An age-old controversy has been whether or not someone is allowed to sit out for the salute, based on religious beliefs.

As the 11th circuit court and the first amendment states, one is allowed to choose whether or not they stand and salute towards the flag. There is no negative repercussions for doing so.


Some awesome lists!

The Only American Not On Earth During 9/11 Found Out His Classmate Was The Pilot Of One Of The Hijacked Planes!

Astronaut Frank Lee Culbertson Junior was the only American not on Earth during the tragedy of September 11th.

This was because he was on a mission from NASA in space. He was also a retired Naval captain.

On September 11th, the astronaut took photos in space of the smoke that was seen in lower Manhattan, which turned out to be the Twin Towers being hit.

After learning that the Pentagon was also struck, he found out that a former Naval classmate, Charles Burlingame was the original pilot of the plane before he was hijacked.

Frank Lee Culbertson was on a 4 month long mission aboard the STS-105 Discovery and left earth on August 12, 2001. Despite the tragedy that happened in his homeland that September, the mission had to be completed. He returned home on December 17th, 2001 at the Kennedy Space center.


On Christmas in 1967, Lyndon B Johnson and Pope Paul VI Exchanged Gifts But Lyndon's Was Quite Conceited!

After the funeral of Australian Prime Minister Harold Holt, Lyndon B Johnson took off on Air Force One to end his trip with a visit to the Pope at the Vatican.

Surprisingly, Pope Paul VI and Lyndon B Johnson had a closer relationship than most presidents have had with figures as such in the past.

Originally, Lyndon wanted the pope to become a peacemaker of sorts to the Vietnamese, who had been fighting with them at the time.

While this never happened under the Pope’s reign, gifts were exchanged between the two that were diplomatic niceties seen by other world leaders.

While the Pope’s gift was Christmas related, an oil painting of a 15th century Nativity scene, President Lyndon B Johnson gave the pope a bronze bust of another American president.

That president wasn’t one of catholic religion, nor was it a president that made an extreme impact - yet.

Lyndon B Johnson gave the pope a bronze bust of himself! Conceited, right? The look on the Pope’s face thought that also.



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