Page 7 - History Facts

This ancient shipwreck is so well preserved it still has food on board!


It's amazing how quickly the leftovers in the back of your fridge turn into a rotting, smelly pile of something that used to be edible.Generally, it's hard to even tell what it used to be.

If this struggle is all too real to you, it will blow your mind to know that an ancient Roman merchant vessel was found off the coast of Italy with food that is still intact!

In 2012, divers discovered the ship that was still in really good condition, enough so that a lot of the food on board is probably still sealed in their storage jars.

The first people to become aware of the wreck under the waves was local fishermen who started to notice pottery in their nets. Police divers quickly brought out a remotely operated vehicle to check out the 2,000-year-old ship.

Preliminary tests show that some of the food on board is pickled fish, grain, wine, and oil which were likely headed for Spain when the ship sunk. It remained in such good condition in thanks to the layers of mud on the seabed that protected it from harm.

Though there are no plans to raise the ship, the area has been secured, prohibiting shipping and water traffic.

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A Prince was saved from being assassinated thanks to a pug!


Pompey was the well known Pug dog of William The Silent. Pompey is actually legendary. According to the legend, during a campaign against the Spanish by Prince of Orange, William The Silent, his Pug, Pompey, thwarted an assassination attempt.

One night at Hermigny, France, while the prince slept, assassins crept toward his tent. Pompey heard them and began barking and scratching to warn his master, finally jumping on his master's face to alert him to the impending danger.

This incident would link together the Pug breed with the House of Orange, and would cause the breed to be shipped to England with William and Mary, joint sovereigns of the Kingdom of England. On the monument of William the Silent, at the Church of St. Ursula, in Delft, Pompey is carved lying at his master's feet. He is the official dog of the House of Orange forevermore. Pugs can be useful after all.

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A man on death row tried to donate his last meal to a homeless person but had his request denied


Death row inmates generally get to request a last meal of whatever they want.

Being perhaps the worst of the worst among criminals, these people don't often try to help others with one of their last requests.

Philip Ray Workman isn't your normal death row inmate. For his last meal, he requested that a vegetarian pizza be purchased and donated to a homeless person.

Unfortunately, the craziest part of this story isn't his generosity. Instead, the craziest part was that his request was denied!

While some inmates ask for meals costing hundreds of dollars, a $15 pizza was a no-go.

Workman was in jail for his robbery of a Wendy's for $1,170 and subsequently shooting two police officers, killing one of them.

During his trial he admitted to killing the officer, though he didn't mean to and only did because he was on cocaine, but it's actually not clear whether he did fire the killing shot or not.

Since receiving the death penalty, Workman has argued, with some scientific support, that Oliver could have been shot by another policeman during the shootout. Most in law enforcement and most courts have responded, "So what?"

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Some awesome lists!

Churchill ordered 'Operation Unthinkable' at the end of WWII which was a surprise attack against the USSR. The plan was abandoned because Soviet troops outnumbered theirs 4-to-1.


The cold war was a period of over 30 years of tension between the Western and Eastern blocks, which was essentially NATO against the USSR and its allies.

The Cold War almost never happened, though.

Winston Churchill ordered “Operation Unthinkable” at the end of the Second World War. This operation was initially going to be a surprise attack against the Soviet Union immediately following the end of WWII.

The goal of this operation was to "impose the will of the Western Allies" on the Soviets and force Joseph Stalin to honor the agreements in regards to the future of Central Europe.

If this had happened, there was a good chance of an all-out war with the USSR.

The Soviet numerical superiority was roughly 4:1 in men and 2:1 in tanks at the end of hostilities in Europe.

They were supposed to attack the Japanese, but since they hadn’t yet, many allied countries were worried that Stalin was a threat to Western Europe.

The odds were deemed too steep to risk the attack, so the operation was abandoned. The only advantage the West would have would be the element of surprise, and if that didn’t work, another big war would be inevitable.

The soviets would also be able to ally with Japan since they had not attacked them.

The code-name for the operation was then reused for a contingency plan set in place to guard against a Russian advance on Europe. This became the first of the Cold War-era contingency plans for war with the Soviet Union.

Both plans were highly secret at the time of their creation and it was not until 1998 that they were made public.

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The genome of modern humans contains the DNA from four different hominid ancestors: homo sapiens, Neanderthals, Denisovans, and a fourth species that has yet to be discovered.


What would it be like to live in a world like Middle Earth (Lord of the Rings), with all of those different groups of human-like people living side-by-side?

Well, fire up your time machine and set it for a few hundred thousand years in the past and you might find out.

Most of us know about our Neanderthal brothers. They lived between about 30,000 and 130,000 years ago, and were probably just as adept at tool-making as modern humans.

Where we differed the most was in the social aspects of life.

Denisovans are a lot less known, and scientists don't even know that much about them.

They likely split from Neanderthals around 300,000 years ago. Little is known about how Denisovans lived and what they looked like.

Until recently, those are the only groups that we knew about. Now, scientists think these is a fourth group that lived among us, Neanderthals and Denisovans.

It's been known that modern humans interbred with Neanderthals and Denisovans. Scientists were trying to create a much more detailed sequence of Neanderthal and Denisovan genomes when they came across genetic traces of a yet-unknown population of human ancestors.

It seems as though all four groups lived during the same time and would all interbreed.

It's still unknown why modern humans were the only group to survive to the present.

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