Page 5 - History Facts

This operating room was boarded up in the 1800s. It laid undisturbed for nearly 100 years!


In 1957, an old operating theater was discovered at the original site of St. Thomas' Hospital in Southwark, London. Completely boarded up, the theater rested undisturbed since the hospital changed locations in 1862.

Patients at St. Thomas' were generally poor, though the hospital expected them to pay for what they could. Rich patients generally received house calls for treatments instead of being hospitalized.

Unlike today, surgeons did not have access to numbing agents like anaesthetics, which made surgeries much quicker by necessity. This also meant that more invasive surgeries were simply not an option.

Students would often watch surgeries being performed. Though patients did not particularly enjoy this, many put up with it in exchange for receiving high-quality medical care they normally couldn't afford.

In 1859, Florence Nightingale opened her nursing school on the same site as St. Thomas' Hospital. It was on her recommendation that the hospital moved elsewhere. Nightingale is considered the founder of modern nursing and brought a number of important reforms to the practice.

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During its war with Iraq, Iran used school-aged children to clear the ground for its troops by running over minefields!


Go to Iran if you want to witness severe human rights abuses. Iran is notorious for using “human waves” to clear minefields or draw enemy fire during war. It cost many lives, but the tactic worked sometimes. Volunteers were swept away by patriotism and martyrdom war propaganda presented by the government during the revolution. 

Children were encouraged through visits to the schools as an invasive media campaign. Boys aged nine to sixteen proudly and excitedly lined up to become martyrs. They wore white headbands to signify their embracing of death. An estimated 95,000 Iranian child soldiers were killed during the war. 

The Iraq-Iran War was intense and brutal for all citizens. Poison gas was released on citizens during stalemates. Neither side had enough artillery to keep progressing in the war. They turned to dirty tactics that took the lives of countless innocent people. Poison gas was even let loose inside schools, needlessly killing children. The war took a major toll on the nation.

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Casey Jones sacrificed his own life to save the passengers on his train in 1900, but it is less known that he also rescued a little girl from certain death much earlier in his career


Casey Jones went down in history after his dramatic death on 30 April 1900. He was an engineer for the Illinois Central Railroad.

His work primarily involved freight service between Jackson and Water Valley, Mississippi before he was transferred to Memphis, Tennessee, for the passenger run between Memphis and Canton, Mississippi.

On the fatal night of his death, heavy fog reduced visibility and there was a light rain. Casey didn't know that some of the cars of other trains were stopped on the main line at the station at Vaughan and due to the low visibility his fireman, Simeon T. Webb, only spotted them when it was too late.

When Casey realized the danger he slammed the air brakes into emergency stop and reversed the throttle, slowing the train from 75 miles per hour to about 35 miles per hour at the time of impact.

By staying on board and acting heroically despite the danger he was in, he saved the lives of all his passengers. He was the only fatality in the crash and died on impact.

What is less known is that he had already saved a little girl’s life in 1895. He'd braced himself on the cowcatcher of a moving train, leaning forward as far as he could and lifting her of the tracks, where she was frozen in fear!

She was completely unharmed due to his brave and quick action.

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Some awesome lists!

Great Britain had many names in its history, but the oldest is Albion.


The island of Great Britain is full of so much history, beyond what we may commonly think of with knights, castles and kings.

In fact, by the time it was known as Great Britain, centuries of history was already made there.

So, which of its numerous names were first? According to modern historians: Albion.

A lot of myths and legends surround Albion and its origins. Some believe that giants existed as the original inhabitants that eventually died out or were defeated. The largest one, named Goemagot, was flung from a cliff by Corineus, a British legend, warrior, and founder of Cornwall.

The there are many possible etymologies for Albion, but one with very significant evidence is that of a Proto-Indo-European root for "white." It could be a reference to the white southern shores of the island and the White Cliffs of Dover.

Quick fun fact: Albion was once suggested as a possible name of Canada during the Canadian Confederation.

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The first coin minted by the U.S. had "Mind your business" on one side and "We are one" on the other, and was designed by Benjamin Franklin.


A new nation needs a new form of currency.

When the United States won its independence, they had to move away from British currency and form their own.

On April 21, 1787, the Congress of the Confederation of the United States authorized a design for an official copper penny.

This penny became known as the Fugio cent, deriving from the image of a sun shining down on a sundial with the caption "fugio," Latin for "I flee/fly."

The penny was designed by Benjamin Franklin. The bottom has the message "Mind your business," a reminder to its holders. The image and words combine for a meaning of "time flies, do your work."

Some people think that the word "business" should be taken as a literal business as Franklin was a successful and prominent businessman himself. Either is possible, and some think that both meanings were intended.

The other side of the coin the motto "We Are One" surrounded by thirteen chain links, representing the original thirteen colonial states.

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