Page 4 - History Facts

How did Harriet Tubman trick a former slave owner?


Harriet Tubman was an escaped slave who fled to the North in 1849.

After this, she started helping her family escape the South, and eventually other people too. She ended up saving over 70 people in 13 trips.

She was sometimes called Moses because she was freeing her people.

In all her trips, she had a few really close encounters with people who were after her. She tricked him by reading a newspaper! More specifically, she pretended to read a newspaper!

Harriet Tubman, like many slaves at the time, was illiterate due to a lack of education. When she was on a train, Tubman noticed that a former owner (who was looking for her) was in the same car as her!

In a panicked state, she picked up a newspaper to cover her face and the slave owner ignored her because he knew that Tubman could not read!

Later, Harriet Tubman recalled the story and thanked God that she held up the newspaper the right way!

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United Fruit Company's main rival was Guatemala. To eliminate them, they lied to the US government that Guatemala's government was Pro-Soviet. The US believed them.


During the Cold War, the Unites States was very paranoid about communism.

The United Fruit Company decided to take advantage of this during the 50’s when they accused one of their main competitors of being communist.

That competitor was Guatemala whose main export was bananas, and the United Fruit Company managed to convince the US government of their communist ways.

The United Fruit Company claimed that the President of Guatemala was pro-Soviet and gave the evidence of him expropriating unused "fruit company lands" to landless peasants. That’s right, the hysteria over Communism was so great that two United States presidents mistook helping the poor for being an enemy state.

The two presidents who were convinced were Harry Truman and Dwight Eisenhower.

Eisenhower was so convinced that he ordered Operation Success, a coup of the democratically chosen Guatemalan government, installing pro-business government of Colonel Carlos Castillo Armas which lasted for three years until his assassination by a presidential guard.

For 36 years the country stayed in a civil war that finally ended when the Guatemalan people created a new constitution and elected Vinicio Cerezo president

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Hitler planned to kill all of Moscow's people and submerge it in a lake!


During WWII, the Nazi regime had plans for the territories they were conquering, including the Soviet Union.

The plan regarding the Soviet Union was essentially to kill or drive all of the people away, and to divide it up into different sections to quell any sense of unity between them.

These provinces would be run by people only accountable to Hitler himself.

The original plan was to set up Moscow as the capital, as it was already the capital and would simply make sense, but as his armies were approaching the city during the 1941 campaign, Hitler decided it would be better to just completely get rid of Moscow.

It was a pretty extreme plan. Hitler wanted to level Moscow, killing its roughly 4 million inhabitants, and then covering it with an artificial late that would cover the whole thing because he thought that it would be a center of resistance.

This plan never came to fruition, however, as the plans to capture Moscow and central Russia failed. Thankfully, the rest of Hitler’s plan would also fail within five years.

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Some awesome lists!

Lincoln almost participated in a diel--but he scared his opponent out of it!


Abraham Lincoln is known as one of the greatest presidents the young United States, and perhaps the world, has ever seen.

He had an aura of stoic elegance and wisdom. If you thought he was always the silent giant, you might be surprised to find out he nearly participated in a duel—until he intimidated his opponent out of it.

James Shields was an attorney and auditor for Illinois, the same state Lincoln was a state legislator for at the time.

Anonymous letters disparaging Shields and criticizing his work showed up in the Sangamo Journal of Springfield that were believed to be written by Lincoln's future wife, Mary Todd, or even Lincoln himself.

Shields hastily challenged Lincoln to a duel for his good name, even though duels had been banned since 1839.

Both parties met on September 22, 1842 where Lincoln got to choose the weapon (since he was the one challenged). He intelligently chose a broadsword due to his height and long reach.

The distinct advantage quickly became apparent and Shields backed down, apologizing the whole time. The two made peace and maintained a friendly relationship from that day forward.

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Switzerland became a neutral country after it lost the Battle of Marignano in 1515


After they lost the Battle of Marignano in 1515, the Swiss decided to become a neutral country.

The battle was fought between France and led by their newly crowned, 21-year-old king, King Francis I, and the Swiss Confederacy.

France did have help in the form of German landsknechts and also from its Venetian allies.

Lengthy negotiations followed and on November 29, 1516, the two countries signed an ‘Eternal Peace’ in which both vowed that they will seek diplomatic or judicial resolution of all future conflicts.

Switzerland has been neutral for almost 500 years, which means it will not participate in any war between other states. It will, in other words, not choose sides and will not assist any side against another.

Neutrality has not only protected Switzerland from war, but has also protected the country from being torn apart when its own different language communities might have been tempted to side with different countries in times of conflict.

The Swiss have been following the advice of their own St. Nicholas of Flüe who said "Don't get involved in other people's affairs," but in October 2002 the first armed Swiss peacekeepers arrived in Kosovo.

Switzerland stressed that it was motivated by the desire to promote peace and security and that it reserves the right to withdraw if it believed its neutrality was threatened.

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