History Facts

A white wrestler helped break down the color barrier in Tennessee!

Sports have always been a world's stage for breaking down barriers in society.Some of the biggest and best movements in civil liberties took place on the baseball field, running track, and wrestling ring.

One such example is from a white wrestler who stood up for African American rights.

Roscoe Monroe Brumbaugh, best known as Sputnik Monroe, was famous for setting an attendance record that lasted until the Monday Night Wars era in 1995.

Born in 1928, he started his career by wrestling in traveling carnivals. He quickly became a favorite in Memphis, Tennessee, where segregation was the norm.

He was the biggest wrestling draw of his time, but made a distinct cultural statement when he refused to come out until black patrons were allowed to sit in any seat at the Ellis Auditorium instead of being confined to the “colored section.”

It was a small step for equality, but the meaning behind it was much larger than the sport of wrestling.


When wounded, Thomas Baker ordered his squad to leave him propped against a tree with a pistol and 8 bullets. They later found his body in the same position with 8 dead Japanese soldiers around him.

The Medal of Honor is the highest military honor the United States gives.There have been less than 3,500 of these medals ever given out.

A few thousand may seem like a lot, but considering the number of servicemen there are and have been, this is a miniscule percentage.

It wouldn’t be fair to compare any of these recipients, as they all have performed “personal acts of valor above and beyond the call of duty.”

Still, there are always some that stand out from the rest. One of these men was Thomas Baker, a member of the US Army during WWII.

When his entire company was pinned down, Baker voluntarily took a bazooka and dashed alone to within 100 yards of the enemy and knocked out the strongpoint. His deeds didn’t stop there, though.

Some days later, when in a vulnerable position crossing a field, Baker again voluntarily took up a position in the rear to protect the company against surprise attack, and came upon 2 heavily fortified enemy pockets manned by 2 officers and 10 enlisted men which had been bypassed.

He killed them all by himself.

Five hundred yards further, he discovered 6 men of the enemy who had concealed themselves behind our lines and destroyed all of them.

Impressive, but Baker still wasn’t done stating his case for the medal. From his Medal of Honor summary on the Army’s website:

“On 7 July 1944, the perimeter of which Sgt. Baker was a part was attacked from 3 sides by from 3,000 to 5,000 Japanese. During the early stages of this attack, Sgt. Baker was seriously wounded but he insisted on remaining in the line and fired at the enemy at ranges sometimes as close as 5 yards until his ammunition ran out.”

He refused to let his comrades carry him to safety because he didn’t want to risk their lives. He was left propped up against a tree with a pistol and 8 rounds. His body was later found in the same position, gun empty, with 8 dead Japanese soldiers around him.


A Polish octor Saved a Village From Nazis by Creating a Fake Epidemic

It often takes the worst of times to find the best of us.

This was true during the holocaust when countless people risked their lives for others, whether it was hiding Jewish families in their homes or helping them in any number of other ways.

One doctor managed to save at least 8,000 people from almost certain death.

To do this, he created a fake epidemic in a town which caused the Nazis to quarantine the area.

The Doctors name is Eugene Lazowski, and he created this false epidemic by injecting dead Epidemic Typhus bacteria, basically vaccines, into people. When their blood was tested, it came back positive for the deadly disease.

Lazowski did all of this himself and had to send the blood out to the Germans who would test it. It comes as no surprise, then, that the Nazi’s sent a few men to confirm what was going on.

When this happened, Lazowski didn’t panic. He greeted them with a warm meal and drinks.

The superior officer was enjoying the drinks so much that he just sent the younger two to test the patients. Scared for their lives, they took the blood as quickly as possible and left without doing any real investigating. The blood, of course, came back positive for the disease.

Lazowski had also faced death many other times during the war. When working with the Red Cross, his train was attacked, but he was luckily not on it at the time.

He also escaped a prisoner-of-war camp by himself by jumping the fence and then pretending to tend to an unattended horse. The soldier that was investigating the noise of the fence didn’t give him a second look.

Talk about guts. This man is a true hero.


Some awesome lists!

Find out how Mao Zedong's campaign to kill grain-eating sparrows in 1958 contributed to the death by starvation of 30 million people

In 1958 the Chinese leader, Mao Zedong, declared war. He decided there were four things he had had enough of: Mosquitoes, flies, rats and sparrows.

He was informed by his scientists that one sparrow eats about 4.5kg of grain each year. They said that according to those calculations, for every million sparrows killed there would be grain (and therefore food) for 60,000 people.

With only that information and a stubborn unwillingness to listen to anything else, he launched the Great Sparrow Campaign in which all citizens were expected to participate and kill as many sparrows as possible.

On 13 December 1958 alone, 194,432 sparrows were killed! Hundreds of millions were killed during the duration of the campaign and the sparrow almost became extinct in China.

What the scientists failed to mention, was that sparrows eat insects like locusts, and that locusts do much more harm than sparrows can. With no sparrows in sight, the locusts did indeed move in and had free reign.

Suddenly Mao Zedong realized what an eco-system was and hurriedly imported sparrows from the Soviet Union, but it was too late. The overflow of insects contributed to the Great Chinese Famine (1958-1961) in which approximately 30 million people starved to death!


Cats were used as live shields by the Persians

During the battle of Pelusium in 522 BC, Cambyses II, the King of Persia, used cats as leverage against Egyptians. He knew that Egypt revered cats, so during various ocassions, him and his soldiers would use cats as shields knowing that the Egyptians would be too scared to strike them in fear of hurting the cats.

Other tactics included simply letting the cats loose in the battlefield, and creating chaos in the egyptian armies. It was against Egyptian law to hurt or kill attack, so in many occasions, for fear of accidentally hurting a feline, the Egyptians would surrender the city.

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