Animal Facts

In Indonesia Manta Rays are worth 2000 times more alive than dead and Indonesia's ocean is now the largest sanctuary for manta rays in the world

Indonesia has been the world’s largest fishery for rays and sharks for almost 30 years.

A dead manta ray is worth $40-$500 in Indonesia. Manta ray tourism, however, can bring in $1 million during the life span of a single ray! Mantas can live to become 50 years old and can travel in groups of up to 50.

The Indonesian government did the math, figuring a ray is worth 2000 times more alive than when it is dead!

This prompted the Indonesian Ministry of Marine Affairs and Fisheries to ban fishing and export of mantas in 2014. Indonesia’s 2.2 million square miles of ocean is now the largest sanctuary for manta rays in the world.

This could not have come at a better time for mantra rays whose population has declined in the last ten years and the ray is now listed as “Vulnerable to Extinction" by the IUCN Red List of Threatened Species.

Manta products are mostly sold in the Guangzhou region in southern China as part of a scam, proclaiming the gills can cure everything from chickenpox to cancer and infertility.

But it has no curative properties and are not considered a formal component of Traditional Chinese Medicine. In fact, they are not even recognized by traditional medicine practitioners!


In 2012, a cat saved it's owner after awaking her from a seizure and got her son to call for assistance...the same day it was adopted.

In 2012, Amy Jung went into a diabetic seizure while asleep. Her cat Pudding nudged her awake until she could call out to her son.

The son couldn’t hear her, though, so Pudding went into his room and pounced on him until he woke up and called for medical assistance.

That’s a great story, but it’s not what makes it stand out. The most interesting fact about this is that Jung and her son had only adopted Pudding earlier that very day!

That’s one cat that seems to be very happy with being adopted.

Dogs and cats can both do amazing things. There have been countless accounts of a pet saving its owners life, whether through alerting them to a fire or discovering a tumor.

Dogs get the label of man’s best friend, but cats can be just as helpful.

According to animal psychologist Roger Mugford, cats are as capable as dogs at detecting illnesses in humans, but are less likely to do so because they are they are “very much more selfish, solitary creatures.”

Luckily for Amy Jung, Pudding was looking out for her.


The Rajputs strapped fake elephant trunks on their horses so that the elephants their enemies rode on, would think they are elephant calves and would therefore instinctively not attack!

In the 1500’s the Rajputs of India fought against their enemies, the Mughals.

The Mughals rode on the backs of sword yielding elephants. The swords were strapped to the elephants’ trunks.

The Rajputs were on horseback. One would think this left them at a great disadvantage, but they were obviously aware of the social behavior of elephants.

Elephants will not attack baby elephants. When a baby elephant is orphaned - for whatever reason - other elephants will step in and take care of it.

The Rajputs did not have a herd of orphaned baby elephants, so they improvised. They strapped fake trunks to the heads of their Marwari horses, making them appear to be baby elephants. Instinctively the elephants of their enemies would not become aggressive toward the horses, which they perceived to be young elephants!

The brave and intelligent Marwari warhorses were trained to rear up on their hind legs and to then put their front hooves on the elephant’s forehead. This allowed the horseman to attack the enemy rider with a lance

The Rajputs combined the most useful characteristics of Arabians, Turkumans and local stock to create the Marwari; a fearless and hardy horse breed with which they cleverly defeated endless invasions.


Some awesome lists!

Bummer and Lazarus were two stray dogs that had celebrity status in San Francisco in the 1860's and were immune to the city's laws on strays

In the 1860’s there was an overflow of dogs in San Francisco, and the only way a stray could survive was to prove his worth. Preferably by being a master rat catcher.

If he was good at that, he had a fighting chance.

Bummer was such a dog, and he was allowed to settle in behind the saloon of Frederick Martin. He still had to make his own way and begged for scraps where he could find any.

In 1861 he saved another dog from a fight. The dog was badly hurt, but Bummer encouraged him to eat, brought him some scraps and huddled next to him at night to keep him warm.

He recovered, and the city folk named him Lazarus. Bummer and Lazarus became inseparable.

Luckily Lazarus was also an exceptional rat killer and together they once killed 85 rats in 20 minutes!

They became a favorite of newspaper reporters and celebrities on the San Francisco streets. So much so that, when Lazarus was taken to a pound by a dog catcher, an angry mob of citizens demanded his immediate release!

The city supervisors declared the pair immune to the city’s laws on strays.

Unfortunately Lazarus was poisoned in 1863 and Bummer died of old age in November 1865.


After Balto's death in 1933 his remains were mounted by a taxidermist and he can be seen at the Cleveland Museum of Natural History

In 1925 the residents of Nome, Alaska, were being threatened by an outbreak of diphtheria—a highly contagious disease that could be potentially deadly.

The children were especially at risk, but the closest antitoxin was nearly a thousand miles away in Anchorage.

The severe weather conditions grounded the only available plane and the only way to get the serum to Nome was by way of sled dog teams. More than 20 mushers and 150 dogs participated in that race against time!

The conditions were hazardous and the temperatures plummeted to below 80 degrees Fahrenheit.

Musher Gunner Kaasen and dog team led by Balto did their run almost entirely in the dark, and Balto managed to stay the course during a complete white-out.

The final team and its sledder was asleep at the final stop where Kaasen was supposed to hand over the serum, so he made the decision to continue with Balto in the lead. When Kaasen arrived in Nome with the serum, he gave all the praise to his dog, Balto.

After Balto died 1933 his remains were mounted by a taxidermist and donated to the Cleveland Museum of Natural History. There is also a statue of the canine hero in Central Park.



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