Page 2 - Fun Facts

Nature is a legal entity in Ecuador, and people can sue on behalf of it!

Ecuador enacted a new constitution in 2008 and in it, it became the first country in the world to codify the Rights of Nature. The constitution recognizes the rights of ecosystems to flourish and it allows people to take legal action on behalf of the environment.

Ecuador had a history of abuse with the oil industry, including a class-action lawsuit against Chevron, which led to the adoption of Nature Rights in the country. The concept that resonated in this argument was called Buen Vivir, or good living. Buen Vivir meant to live a good life in a communal sense, and the community includes Nature.

There have been a number of legal disputes that have invoked the Rights of Nature. Check the source to read more about them!


The handshake holds a lot of meaning--and history.

Fist bumps, head nods and secret hand maneauvers crowd the way many people greet each other these days, but nothing beats the good, old fashioned handshake.

Though it may feel like a way to assert your dominance when you squeeze the other hand as hard as possible, it actually originated from a very peaceful gesture in a tumultuous time.

The first time a handshake was documented appears on the Kalhu monument, which shows the Assyrian king, Shalmaneser III, and Babylonian Marduk-zakir-sumi, shaking hands in public to show friendship between the nations.

It's believed to be practiced all the way back to the 5th century BC in ancient Greece. Archeologists have found pottery with soldiers shaking hands in many of the ruins.

The thought behind the handshake was as a gesture of peace and trust. A soldier would present a hand that doesn't have a weapon.

Today, handshakes mean many things other than an almost universal greeting. They now convey anything from congratulations, to respect, to a binding agreement.


In 1959 the citizens of Sao Paulo were so disgruntled with their government that they voted a rhinoceros into council! She got the most votes - 100,000!

In 1959 voters in Sao Paulo, Brazil, had had enough of their city council and it was time to vote.

There were 540 candidates for the 45 seat council, and among them there was a female rhinoceros named Cacareco, meaning ‘rubbish’!

Obviously the citizens had lost all faith in the human candidates because Cacareco won the election by a landslide.

She gathered 100,000 votes – 15% of the total, and was thereby elected by the people to council!

It turns out some students had printed 200,000 ballots with her name on them. The ballots were, however, all legitimately cast by voters. One of them remarked: "Better to elect a rhino than an ass."

The director of the zoo where the four-legged candidate was housed said he would ask Sao Paulo to pay Cacareco's Councilman's salary. Unfortunately election officials did not find this funny, and nullified all ballots with her name on it and declared a new election was to be held within a week.

This type of protest vote was not the first in Brazilian history. In 1954 the people of Jaboatao voted a goat named ‘Smelly’ into council.

Smelly did not win by such a large margin as Cacareco and therefore the rhinoceros remains the most famous animal candidate in history.


Some awesome lists!

When horror director Eli Roth showed 'Cannibal Holocaust' to the villagers in a remote part of the Amazon, they thought it was a hilarious comedy!

When horror director Eli Roth decided to make the cannibal movie ‘The Green Inferno’ he wanted it to be authentic.

The movie plays off deep in the Amazon and is about an un-contacted tribe.

He decided the movie must be shot really deep in the Amazon forests—somewhere off the grid.

So they went up the Amazon River for hours on end and eventually came across a very primitive village that looked like it was out of another time. Perfect!

He asked the villagers if he can shoot his movie there. They said they first want to know what a movie was!

They have obviously never been exposed to television or film. In fact, they'd never even heard of electricity.

A television and a generator was brought in and the villagers were shown the movie ‘Cannibal Holocaust’. Eli himself thought that maybe that wasn't such a good choice, but it turned out that the villagers loved it.

They thought it was a hilarious comedy. It was the funniest thing they had ever seen and they all wanted to play cannibals in the new movie!

The entire Amazonian village ended up being cast in the film ‘The Green Inferno’—which they probably still see as a comedy.


In the first Pokemon games a player is supposed to do battle against Professor Oak at some point!

In the Generation I Pokemon Games, there is unused trainer data for Professor Oak.

This would mean that, during some stage of the game a player was supposed to do battle against him.

In the trainer data mentioned, Oak has level 66 Tauros, level 67 Exeggutor, level 68 Arcanine, level 70 Gyarados and one of the Kanto starters at level 69.

This would mean that his strength is the same as the player's rival and the Pokémon League Champion. Four of his Pokémon are exactly the same as the ones used by the Champion, but at higher levels.

This means that he was originally meant to be Champion, or at least another high-ranking Trainer. In the game, there is an email on the PC in the Professor's lab that supports this. The email was sent by the Pokémon League wherein it issues a challenge to all Trainers and specifically asks Oak to pay them a visit.

The Professor is always at work in his Laboratory in Pallet Town where he is assisted by his aides. He is idolized by most Trainers and researchers, including Professor Elm.

Professor Oak mainly plays a supporting role in the games that he appears in.

In these games, him and Agatha were childhood friends and remained close friends until Oak stopped participating in battles and became a Pokémon researcher. The Professor still affiliates with the Pokémon League on an advisory level.



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