Page 2 - Interesting Facts

New Zealand's indigenous Maori make up 50% of the prison population but only 15% of the country's entire population! Why?

Going to prison has become normal in the Maori society of New Zealand, and it seems every Maori child has a relative in jail.

One in every two prisoners in that country is an indigenous Maori even though they only account for 15 percent of the entire population!

Why are they so over-represented in the criminal justice system?

Many believe it's due to soaring rates of child poverty, school dropout, unemployment and family breakdown within indigenous communities. There have been claims that the government is failing the children of indigenous prisoners and that leaves them vulnerable to become prisoners themselves.

Gangs look after the kids who have been left destitute while their parents serve time and young Maori have joined biker gangs like the Mongrel Mob and Black Power since the 1960’s, but some of the youths have been forming their own street gangs as well.

The New Zealand criminal justice system is trying to correct this problem now by introducing cultural units in prisons to encourage Maori prisoners to get in touch with their culture again. They've also introduced programs to connect youths with their families rather than with gangs.

Reestablishing the family bond is not as easy as it sounds, and only half of the Maori men in prison have contact with their families.


If both NHL goalies on a team are injured, then anyone can step in to the role — and we mean anyone!

If you have ever had the desire to be part of your favourite sports team, then the NHL is the place to be. According to the rule book, if both of the goalies are injured, the team can call on literally any goalie available to suit up and play for the rest of the match.

But, don't get your hopes up about playing for an NHL team any time soon. Most teams these days have an emergency backup goalie who will only dress after the first goalie goes down.

In the past a variety of team members have played the position of Emergency Backup Goalie or EBUG. One team used their team owner, while another used their coach. A team even suited up their web designer during a game when their first goalie went down.

Most often, though, teams will employ either retired professional players to sit on the bench or, for the smaller teams, college students would be invited to act as the EBUG.

EBUGs are generally not paid for their appearance and are certainly not expected to actually play, so it would not be as exciting as it sounds to play for a professional sports team!


Copper kills bacteria and replacing fittings like door knobs and taps with copper ones could stop diseases from spreading!

Are you germophobic or would you just like to find a way to keep your home as germ-free as possible without constantly cleaning or wiping down surfaces?

If you answered yes to either of those questions, we suggest that you replace all your door handles with copper door knobs and install copper taps, too.

If you can find a copper toilet seat and flush mechanism, even better. Go the whole nine yards and get a copper dustbin while you're at it.

Copper kills bacteria! It's called the oligodynamic effect and it was discovered in 1893 by Karl Wilhelm von Nägeli.

Copper and certain other metal ions have a toxic effect on molds, spores, fungi, and viruses.

A study found that copper fittings in hospitals kill bugs really fast. In a ten week trial at Selly Oak hospital in Birmingham, taps, lavatory seats and a push plate on an entrance door were replaced with copper versions.

They were swabbed twice daily and it was found that they had 95% fewer germs on them than the fittings the hospital usually used!

Although it is not yet certain how the copper does this, it is believed that it interferes with the bacteria’s metabolism, preventing them from feeding and destroying their DNA.

The study has shown that copper kills off the deadly MRSA superbug as well as E Coli. Copper door knobs and taps can be a simple yet effective way to stop diseases from spreading!


Some awesome lists!

Barbie once made a handicapped doll. You'll never guess why it ended up being controversial!

The American with Disabilities Act was enacted in 1990 and managed to bestow civil liberties to the disabled citizens of the United States and prohibited discrimination based on disability.

This was a huge step forward to helping those reliant on wheelchairs and others that required mobility assistance by requiring things like ramps and elevators in commercial buildings.

Even toys got in on the equality—which backfired like most things with good intentions.

In May of 1997 Mattel, the corporation behind Barbie, released the Share a Smile Becky doll that came with a pink wheelchair.

It was very forward thinking and had the best intentions of normalizing a disability while empowering young disabled women everywhere that they too could be Barbie.

Of course, that bit them in the butt the moment a 17-year-old with cerebral palsy from Washington remarked that the doll could not fit into Barbie's pricy ($100) Dream House elevator. It wasn't ADA compliant!

Mattel responded with an announcement that they would redesign the house in the future to accommodate the doll.

Of course, the house wasn't the only problem. Nearly all of Barbie's accessories, accommodations and vehicles could not fit the doll. Back to the drawing board!


A ruby is just a red sapphire. Both are the mineral corundum, a type of aluminum oxide, rubies just have a chromium impurity making them red.

Rubies and Sapphires are sold as separate stones, but are actually the same mineral! That mineral would be Corundum a crystalline form of aluminium oxide with traces of iron, titanium and chromium. Depending on the color, the mineral is called by different names.

Transparent specimens are used as gems, called ruby if red and padparadscha if pink-orange. All other colors are called sapphire. Green corundum, for example, is called a "green sapphire." The different colors are caused by different impurities in the mineral.

Rubies are rarer than sapphires and so cost significantly more. As with all gemstones, the price depends on the size and quality of the stone, but rubies will almost always have more value.

The price also depends on the extent to which the gem is treated. To find a stone without flaws is very rare, and so these are sold as "untreated" stones for a lot more than treated gems.

Green, yellow, pink, white sapphires all rarer, and thus more expensive, than normal, blue sapphires. Medium rich to light blue sapphires have more value than the darker more common sapphires.



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